Forgery is a hybrid offence where the Crown prosecutor has the option to proceed either by way of indictment, or as a summary procedure offence.
The maximum punishment if by indictment is ten years a term of imprisonment not exceeding ten years. If summary then the maximum penalty is of a fine not exceeding $5000. or a term of imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both.
Forgery As Defined In The Criminal Code
366. (1) Every one commits forgery who makes a false document, knowing it to be false, with intent
(a) that it should in any way be used or acted on as genuine, to the prejudice of any one whether within Canada or not; or
(b) that a person should be induced, by the belief that it is genuine, to do or to refrain from doing anything, whether within Canada or not.
Making False Document
(2) Making a false document includes
(a) altering a genuine document in any material part;
(b) making a material addition to a genuine document or adding to it a false date, attestation, seal or other thing that is material; or
(c) making a material alteration in a genuine document by erasure, obliteration, removal or in any other way.
Patrick Penny: (403) 342-9595.
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